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Southern Great Plain (Dél-Alföld), Hungary

Although Southern Great Plain is the region of the Puszta, an infinite flat land with peculiar natural treasures this area has countless other lesser-known attractions in store for you.

  • some lively cities with stunning architecture, interesting museums and with vivid cultural life
  • small villages where people preserve the folk customs and crafts of their ancestors
  • thermal baths with medicinal waters
  • regional culinary delights
Hungarian paprika rings on a thatched house Gyula Castle Szeged

The beauties of the Puszta inspired several Hungarian poets (Sándor Petőfi, János Arany, Gyula Juhász) and writers who created some of the most memorable lyrics of Hungarian literature.

Famous Hungarian horse breeds like Nóniusz or Furioso at Mezőhegyes, which also has a coach museum.

Map of Southern Great Plain
Main Attractions & Settlements
Rural Sights & Folk Art
Thermal Baths

Map of Southern Great Plain

Southern Great Plain includes 3 counties:

  • Bács-Kiskun
  • Békés, and
  • Csongrád counties




Main Attractions & Settlements of the Southern Great Plain

Forces of nature like the river Tisza and the wind has shaped the landscape for many centuries creating a diverse scenery. The major rivers (Danube, Tisza, Maros and Körös rivers) deposited their silt on the flat land and built alluviums, formed new riverbeds by their huge bendings.

Archaelogical findings nearby Hódmezővásárhely show that people lived here as early as 7000 years ago and they built huge mounds from soil (called kunhalom in Hungarian) probably for burial purposes.

Men also altered the countryside by regulating the rivers, building dams, draining marshes, and trying to slow down shifting sand.

The Kiskunság area dominates the region between the Danube and the Tisza rivers with a varied landscape of rolling, sandy surfaces dotted with patches of flowery grasslands, wetlands, and groves.

Three national parks guard the natural treasures of the region:

  • the Kiskunság National Park

  • the Körös-Maros National Park, and

  • the Duna-Dráva National Park

The Puszta of Bugac gives you a taste of spectacular horse shows, like the Puszta Ötös (Puszta Five), the lifestyle of sheperds in the Sheperd's Museum and of course authentic Hungarian dishes in the Bugac Csárda.

Puszta Five Horse Show Hungary

The area received its name after the Cumans (kun in Hungarian) an Asian nation who settled down here in the 13th century when King Béla Iv invited them after the Mongol invasion (1241-42) killed most of the Hungarian people liviving in the area. This is also one of the most fertile parts of Hungary where farmers grow flavourful vegetables and fruits.

Révbérpuszta is another good choice to watch spectacualr horse programs and animals indigenous to Hungary (grey cattle, racka sheep).

Part of Nagykunság belongs to Southern Great Plain too between the Tisza and the Hármas-Körös rivers. Backwaters, forests, thermal baths and riverside resorts make this part of Hungary a poular vacation spot.

Szeged is the focal point of Southern Great Plain abounding in architectural masterpices, wonderful and well-kept cityscape vivid cultural life that provide enetertainment not just during the summer months.

Kaluzál Square Szeged

In Castle Bath of Gyula you can bath within a peaceful setting in the vast Almássy Park where some very old trees provide shade on hot days.

Gyula Castle Bath

At the National History Memorial Park in Ópusztaszer you can learn about the way of life of the nomadic Hungarian tribes.

The monumental picture of Árpád Feszty, the second largest panorama painting in the world, depicts how the Hungarians conquered and found home in the Carpathian Basinafter many years of wandering.

Nomadic Jurta Houses at Ópusztaszer Hungary

Emperor Josef II founded a Royal Horse Breeding Institute in Mezőhegyes which became the most significant stud farm in Europe at the time. You can admire the famous Hungarain bred Nonius. The farm has some very rare architectural masterpeices as well. The area around Mezőhegyes is also a fine hunting place.

Mezőhegyes Stud Farm

Szarvas became a centre of Hungarian agricultural education. The huge arboretum with rare trees and bushes and the Körös river that bisects the town offres plenty of outddor enetertainment.

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Rural Sights & Folk Art

During the turbulent years of the country's history some ethnic minorities, Slovaks, Gremans, settled down, adapted to the region and learned to live together with Hungarians in peace while preserving their own traditions and folk art.

Many small villages and towns too have ethnographic museums where they gathered and exhibited tools, furniture, and other artworks characteristic of their folk art and lifestyle.

Révbérpuszta Hungary

  • The Folk Art Museum in Kalocsa introduces the town's colourful embroidery of ,which is well-known in other parts of the world, together with other examples of its citizens' artistic talents.

  • The German Ethnographic Museum in Harta has an exhibtion of painted furniture, folk costume and farming tools.

  • The Open-Air Ethnographic Museum in Ópusztaszer gives you an insight into turn of 19th-20th century farming culture.

  • At Bácsalmás you can visit an operating blue-dying workshop that was founded in 1879.

  • In Tápé which is part of Szeged today you can learn about the traditions of mat weaving and view the folk art collection.

  • Hódmezővásárhely is the regional center of pottery. Today 15 pottery masters pursuit this activity in the town. The town has some masterpeices of other arts which you can see in the János Tornyai Museum, in the Alföldi Gallery or in the Regional Folk Art House.

  • In the Lace House in Kiskunhalas you can see how women make the delicate and very expensive (the price of the Halasi lace rivals with the price of gold) Halasi lace (Halasi Csipke).

Halasi Lace Hungary

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More Thermal Baths & Beaches

Liquid golden lies under our feet in the Southern Great Plain's: thermal waters with medicinal benefits feed around 40 medicinal baths and many other pools in the area.

Soaking in the baths will not only indulge you but will recharge your tired body and ease the pain in your joints.

I've already mentioned some of them on this page but here are some more:

  • The Jonathermal Bath Complex in Kiskunmajsa has medical baths and more thna 10 adventure pools to entertian both young and old guests.

  • The Sziksó Fürdő in Kiskundorozsma, 12 km form Szeged has sodic water and its silt has medicinal benefits.

  • The Spa in Dévaványa has both iindoor and outdoor pools as wella s swimming pools.

Other places for water fanatics include


  • Lake Szelidi at Dunapataj has sandy beach, a hotel, a camping, inns and a range of events enetertain tourists on the open-air stage.

  • the fine, sandy shore and the shallow water make Lake Vadkert (3 km from Soltvadkert) an ideal holiday rsort for families with small children.


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Famous Foody Places in Hungary's Southern Great Plain

The fertile land and the high amount of sunny hours make the most aprts of the southern Great Plain an agricultural tresaure trove. Several food delicacies considered to be Hungarian specialities are produced in this region.

Gastronomy is also the focal point of many festivals and events, where you can take part in cooking competitions and taste some of the best local dishes.

Hungarian Paprika

Kalocsa along with Szeged is the home of Hungarian paprika, the red spice that became the symbol of the country's gastronomy. around the time of paprika harvest strings of deep red paprikas hanging from porches, fences adore the town.

Makó became well known for the onions, another essential ingredient in Hungarian cooking, grown on the fertile lands in its neighbourhood.

The aromatic and juicy apricots produce in the region made Kecskemét apricot brandy a favored spirit even outside Hungary. You can learn about the secrets of pálinka making and taste it in the Zwack Fruit Brandy Distillery on guided tours. Apart from the famous liqueur Kecskemét has some unique collection in its numerous museums not to mention the fine examples of Hungarian Art Nouveau.

The region's meat products are also sought-after in the groceries of foreign countries like the Gyulai or Békéscsabai sausages.

Hungarian Sausage

Orosháza is known for its quality goose liver but aprt form this delicacy you should visit its poular resort district Gyopárosfürdő where the whole family can indulge and relax in several thermal pools, open-air beahces throughout the year. The natural water of the pools relieves rheumatic pains.

Taste some of the msot delicious fishermen's soups at the Fishermen Soup Cooking Festival on the main square of Baja, the charming trading town in the embrace of the.

Baja Fishermen Soup cooking festival

One thing you have to know about Hungarian Fisherman's soup that every parts of the country has its own way of making it often competing on cooking events. The characteristic of the Bajai halászlé (Baja-style Fisherman's soup) that noodle are added and cooked in the soup toward the end of cooking.

Part of the Hundred-Year-Old Confectionery (Százéves Cukrászda) in Gyula operates as a museum: you can see old baking utensils, and rooms with original furnishings but don't forget to taste luscious Hungarian cakes, bonbons or ice cream.

Hungarian Cake

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Regions Nearby Southern Great Plain

Lake Tisza

Northern Great Plain

Northern Hungary


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